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Turkey Shoots Down Russian Jet         11/24 10:56

   Turkey shot down a Russian fighter plane Tuesday -- a long-feared crisis in 
Syria's civil war and apparently the first time a NATO member has downed a 
Russian plane in a half-century. At least one of the pilots was reported killed.

   ANKARA, Turkey (AP) -- Turkey shot down a Russian fighter plane Tuesday --- 
a long-feared crisis in Syria's civil war and apparently the first time a NATO 
member has downed a Russian plane in a half-century. At least one of the pilots 
was reported killed.

   Russian President Vladimir Putin called Turkey's action a "stab in the back 
by the terrorists' accomplices" and warned of "significant consequences," and 
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov cancelled a visit to Turkey which had 
been planned for Wednesday.

   At Turkey's request, NATO's governing body called an emergency meeting.

   Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu insisted his country has the right to 
take "all kinds of measures" against border violations, and called on the 
international community to work toward "extinguishing the fire that is burning 
in Syria."

   Turkey said the Su-24 ignored several warnings that it was nearing, then 
intruding, into Turkish airspace. Russia insisted the plane stayed over Syria, 
where it was supporting ground action against rebels.

   "We will never tolerate such atrocities as happened today and we hope that 
the international community will find the strength to join forces and fight 
this evil," Putin said.

   Rebels said they fired at the two parachuting pilots as they descended, and 
that one had died. A rebel spokesman said they would consider releasing the 
body in exchange for prisoners held by Syria. The fate of the second pilot was 
not immediately known.

   Despite harsh words, some analysts believe that Russia and Turkey have 
reasons not to let the incident escalate.

   "Relations have been very strained between Russia and Turkey of late so 
Moscow will be trying its utmost to contain the damage this might cause," said 
Natasha Kuhrt, lecturer in International Peace and Security at King's College 

   "It's a serious incident in anybody's book," added Ian Kearns, director of 
the European Leadership Network, a London think-tank.

   But Kearns said the Russian-Turkish economic relationship, including in the 
energy field, is important to Moscow. And Russia and the West appeared to be 
moving toward an understanding of their common strategic interest in 
eradicating the Islamic State group following the bombing of a Russian airliner 
over Sinai and the attacks in Paris.

   The Turkish Foreign Ministry invited diplomats from the five U.N. Security 
Council member countries for a meeting to brief them about the incident. 
Separately, the Russian charge d'affaires was also invited for a meeting during 
which Turkey "conveyed its sensitivities" over border violations.

   Turkey has complained repeatedly that Russian planes supporting Syrian 
President Basher Assad were straying across the border --- a complaint repeated 
to the Russian ambassador only last Friday.

   Turkey and Russia have long been at odds over the crisis in Syria. Turkey 
has been concerned over Russia's bombing of Turkmen areas and the fact that the 
Russian operations have complicated the possibility of creating a safe zone in 
northern Syria to protect civilians as well as moderate rebels fighting Assad. 
The creation of a safe zone has been a long-term Turkish goal.

   Turkey has long been seeking the ouster of Assad --- an important Russian 

   The Russian plane was supporting Syrian troops which have been on the 
offensive in an area controlled by several insurgent groups including 
al-Qaida's branch in Syria, the Nusra Front, and the 2nd Coastal Division and 
the 10th Coast Division that includes local Turkmen fighters.

   Jahed Ahmad, a spokesman the 10th Coast Division, said its forces fired at 
the Russian pilots as they descended. One died, Ahmad told The Associated Press.

   A Turkish military statement said the plane entered Turkish airspace over 
the town of Yayladagi, in Hatay province.

   Turkish officials released what they said was the radar image of the path 
the Russian plane took, showing it flying across a stretch of Turkish territory 
in Turkey's southern-most tip, in the region of Yayladag, in Hatay province.

   Three Russian journalists working in Syria suffered minor injuries when a 
missile landed near their car on Monday, Russia's Defense Ministry said. They 
were being treated in a military hospital.

   Last month, Turkish jets shot down an unidentified drone that it said had 
violated Turkey's airspace.

   Turkey changed its rules of engagement a few years ago after Syria shot down 
a Turkish plane. According to the new rules, Turkey said it would consider all 
"elements" approaching from Syria an enemy threat and would act accordingly.

   Following earlier accusations of Russian intrusion into Turkish airspace, 
the U.S. European Command on Nov. 6 deployed six U.S. Air Force F-15 fighters 
from their base in Britain to Incirlik Air Base in Turkey to help the 
NATO-member country secure its skies.

   Sarah Lain, an analyst at the Royal United Services Institute, said the last 
time she could remember a NATO member country ---the United States --- shooting 
down a Russian/Soviet plane was the 1950s. "But the Soviets appear to have shot 
down more U.S. planes amid the Cold War," she added.


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